Distancing from the German Democratic Republic had embarked on the reform of the Soviet bloc led to the isolation of the country under the "socialist community." 3. Culture and the spiritual life of the GDR in the late 1940s - 1980s. Like the economic and political development, the spiritual sphere and cultural process from the very first days of the communist regime controlled by the SED. The party leadership has sought to introduce culture into the framework of Marxism-Leninism, focusing on the example of the Soviet Soyuza.Osoboe attention was paid to the development of education in the spirit of "building socialism." In 1952, the SED decided to implement a "polytechnic education" on the model of the Soviet Union. The aim of Education announced the formation of a "socialist personality". Advanced learning Marxism-Leninism went hand in hand with an increase in the level of technical knowledge. Students of the socialist German Democratic Republic were to exceed the capitalist West German students in all areas of importance to the public and technical progress. The main result has been to increase the proportion of students who attend school for more than 8 years, with 16 to 85% in the 1951-1970 biennium.